Which cancers are caused by smoking?
Click the circle highlights to find out about each type of cancer caused by smoking.
Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in the United Kingdom (excluding non melanoma skin cancer). Cigarette smoking is the main cause of lung cancer, with more than 37,000 cases a year due to smoking.
Paranasal sinuses and Nasal cavity
Smoking causes sinus cancer and cancer of the nasal cavity.
The longer a person smokes for and the more they smoke, the greater the risk of developing laryngeal cancer.
Cancers of the throat include tumours in the area behind the nose and mouth that connects to the oesophagus. Your risk of throat cancer rapidly decreases over the first 10 years after stopping smoking.
Smoking increases the risk of liver cancer. Researchers estimate that almost a quarter of liver cancers in the UK are caused by smoking.
Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for pancreatic cancer. The risk of getting pancreatic cancer is about twice as high among smokers compared to those who have never smoked.
Scientists think this may be due to cancer-causing chemicals in cigarette smoke that enter the blood and damage the pancreas.
On average, smokers have a 50% increase in risk. But the risk increases with the number of cigarettes that you smoke. People who smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day can have up to double the risk of the most common type of kidney cancer (renal cell cancer) compared to non smokers.
The risk increases with the number of cigarettes smoked and with the duration of smoking.
Tobacco smoking causes cancer of the ureter in both men and women.
Long-time smokers are more likely than non-smokers to have and die from colorectal cancer.
Oral cavity (Mouth)
Cancers of the mouth include tumours of the cheek, gum, tongue, lip, and the floor and lining of the mouth. 65% of oral and throat cancers are due to smoking.
It is estimated that smoking causes 54% of all oesophageal cancers in men and 46% in women.
About 1 in 5 stomach cancers (20%) in the UK is thought to be caused by smoking. People who smoke have around twice the risk of stomach cancer compared to non smokers. The risk falls if you stop smoking.
Smoking is the single biggest risk factor for bladder cancer. Tobacco contains cancer-causing chemicals which pass into your bloodstream and are filtered by the kidneys into your urine. It's estimated that over a third of all cases of bladder cancer are caused by smoking.
Current smokers have a higher risk of ovarian cancer compared with ex-smokers or non-smokers.
Women who smoke are at greater risk of developing cervical cancer with evidence to show certain cancers of the cervix such as squamous cell cervical carcinoma are linked to smoking.